Eye drops treat dry eyes and allergies; it is easy to dash out to a drug store and buy any brand with the label “eye drops.” If you are choosing by yourself, you will be overwhelmed by the number of options on not only brands but also types of eye drops, which treat different kinds of diseases.
Using the wrong kind of eye drops could worsen your eye condition. Most manufacturers specify the purpose of the eye drops. Suitability of eye drops is dependent on the cause of the dry eyes or allergy. Some people have persistent eye problems while some experience the pain, irritation, or dry eyes occasionally.
Most eye drops fall under the following three categories; artificial tears, anti-redness drops, and allergy drops as seen at https://eopticians.co.uk/categories/eye-drops.
Some manufacturers choose to combine these functionalities for universal use of the eye drops. It is more of a business strategy other than medical. Nevertheless, the eye drops are still functional.
Still, it is better if you understand the specific functions of eye drops to make an informed decision. Consultation with an eye specialist on your specific condition and the underlying cause can also help in establishing effective eye drops.
The three types of eye drops are easy to understand. It can be a good start to making a wise choice for your eye treatment. Some eye drops are natural, some herbal, and some homeopathic.
If you have dry eyes, this is the best treatment technique. The itchiness and irritation are mainly because of dryness; eye drops in this category help the situation by moistening the surface.
Eye drops, in this case, are a mimic of real tears. The fact that the eye surface is watery, you will be comfortable for as long as the eye drops last.
Common ingredients in artificial tears are;
- Potassium and sodium as key electrolytes, which have healing properties
- Preservatives to prevent the growth of bacteria
- Guar gum ensure the tears remain within the eye sockets for longer
Artificial tears are effective for most people with dry eyes. The oily drops stay long enough on the eye surface hence comfort and possible healing of dry eye condition. However, some people find the preservatives in artificial tears to be irritating and in some cases worsening the eye condition. It is important to consult with specialists on the content of eye drops in this category before using it. It can worsen your eye condition.
Artificial tears may not be appropriate if you have the following conditions;
- Severe dry eyes
- Need to use drop up to 6 times a day
- The preservatives cause more irritation
Eye drops without preservatives are the best, you are guaranteed of safety from irritation and any further damage to your eyes because of foreign elements. However, you will have to part with more cash for this kind. Typically, preservative free eye drops are packed in vials rather than traditional eye drop bottles. All you need is to remove the lid, use the drop, and throw vial. After opening, the eye drops become ineffective.
Allergy Eye Drops
If you are suffering from itchy, watery, and red eyes, this is the best option. Most people with these conditions tend to be allergic to molds, pollen, and other environmental allergens.
The main ingredient in these eye drops is antihistamine. Considering allergens are the main causes of eye irritation, the antihistamine reverses body reactions thus normal eye functioning. Typically, the human body releases histamines whenever there is an allergic reaction that causes the physical reactions on the eye. Antihistamines prevent these reactions and other allergic symptoms.
New allergy eye drops have been enhanced to prevent manufacturing of histamines in the body hence controlled eye functioning.
Anti-Redness Eye Drops
The primary role of these eye drops is evident. If you occasionally encounter red eyes with irritations, consider eye drops in this category. The fact that the eye drops have a specific function, they are much more effective and efficient. You won’t need to put multiple drops or use it several times a day. Once or twice a day for 2 or 3 days is enough to regain normalcy.
The high concentration of treatment elements in the eye drops might worsen your redness. It is crucial to stick to the dosage and only use the eye drops after a recommendation. The anti-redness drops should not be used consistently because you can easily be dependent on the drops. Don’t use the drops if your issue is with dry eyes.
Most of the anti-redness drops have antihistamines as an ingredient meaning your irritations from allergens can be sorted out. Do not increase the dosage because you are experiencing multiple issues with your eye. There should be a significant improvement after the third time of using the eye drops; the persistence of itchiness or dryness after the second day should be a warning to you. Stop using the anti-redness drops and consult a doctor immediately.
While every part of the body requires extra caution, eyes are extra sensitive. Choice of any of the three eye drops should be after consultation and serious considerations. Make sure the eye drops you buy address your specific condition. Also, be keen on the progress of your eye; if there is no improvement by the third day go back to the doctor.